Anti Slavery Movement
The anti-slavery movement is one of the memorable events in the American history. It was a fight against slavery with many parties joining hands to end the vice. These parties, commonly referred to as abolitionists, risked their lives and fought for decades. Activists fought against discrimination based on race, religion, gender and class. They fought for equal rights and freedom for all Americans in the Northern and Southern regions. The persistent fight against slavery led to a civil war between the North and South. The anti-slavery movement was successful in ending slavery.
The Start of the Anti-Slavery Movement
The fight against slavery started in the 1830s when religious groups began to address slavery as a national sin. Religious movements tried to use moral persuasion to eradicate slavery. They tried to convince Americans of their moral obligations to send slaves back to Africa. The persuasions did not work. Instead, Americans differed further on their opinions about slavery. When America gained independence, the fight against slavery gained momentum. Different groups began to raise concerns that America claimed to be independent but still had slaves. Activists in the fight against slavery argued that the vice contradicted the American culture.
Strategies Used in the Anti Slavery Movement
The anti slavery activists were unrelenting in their quest for freedom. They employed any strategies necessary to raise their concerns about slavery. Some of the key figures in anti-slavery movement include Wendell Phillips, William Garrison, Lucretia Mott, William Seward, Lydia Child and Gerrit Smith among others. Activists moved from moral persuasion to political strategies. They managed to engage politicians in the debate. Different groups with the same mission united and organized activities such as Underground Railroad that gave an escape route to slaves. Another effective strategy was using the press to communicate their messages. Activities wrote poems, songs, posters, leaflets and newspapers about slavery. For instance, The Liberator newspaper was on the publications that pushed the government to address slavery.
Activists tried to include their anti-slavery messages in children’s literature but most of those publications were abolished. Some militants involved in the movement believed violence would end slavery. However, some died in the fight. Abolitionists required money to fuel their campaigns. They used The National Anti-slavery Bazaar to raise cash by selling their publications. Activists gave copper tokens with a slave’s image on one side and anti-slavery messages on the other side. These strategies continued for over three decades and eventually led to a civil war. The war ended with the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 when President Lincoln decree freedoms for all slaves in all American states.